Omega 3 fats are a type of polyunsaturated fat.
They are considered to be essential fatty acids because they cannot be manufactured in the body but must be consumed through the diet.
There are a few types of Omega 3 fats, namely Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA).
Omega 3 Fats, specifically EPA and DHA, are found in fish and their oils such as salmon, tuna and krill.
Some plant sources of Omega 3 fats, more specifically ALA, include flax and pumpkin seeds as well as walnuts.
All ALA consumed needs to be converted in the body to EPA and DHA.
We need to consume more Omega 3 fats compared to Omega 6 fats (another essential fatty acid) because Western Diets have an over abundance of Omega 6 fats and the proper ratio between the two essential fatty acids is vitally important.
Omega 3 fats are necessary for optimal brain function, growth and development, they reduce inflammation and inflammatory disease and they lower chronic heart disease risk.